Cooperative learning, as talked about in Chapter 3, is a means of maintaining a flexible classroom, which is necessary for student success. Cooperative learning forces students to work on their group skills and social skills in order to be able to learn together. It also encourages a ‘sink or swim’ mentality through positive interdependence and individual accountability, in which if one student doesn’t embrace their role in a group or has failed to make meaning of the acquired material then it can bring down the rest of the group. Keeping to small groups forces each student to play a role and continuously interact with one another. It also helps students to keep one another motivated and compel one another to continue learning the material and bringing “something to the table” each and every class. Keeping an open classroom that challenges their students not only keeps students more engaged but it keeps the students together and allows them to contribute to each other’s success.